儿童发育成长中的一些阶段性标志(英文)

时间:2007-11-12 09:58 来源: 作者: 点击:

Does Your Baby...

At 4 Months:

Follow and react to bright colors, movement, and objects?
Turn toward sounds?
Show interest in watching people’s faces?
Smile back when you smile?

At 6 Months:

Relate to you with real joy?
Smile often while playing with you?
Coo or babble when happy?
Cry when unhappy?

At 9 Months:

Smile and laugh while looking at you?
Exchange back-and-forth smiles, loving faces, and other expressions with you?
Exchange back-and-forth sounds with you?
Exchange back-and-forth gestures with you, such as giving, taking, and reaching?

At 12 Months:

Use a few gestures, one after another, to get needs met, like giving, showing, reaching, waving, and pointing?
Play peek-a-boo, patty cake, or other social games?
Make sounds, like “ma,” “ba,” “na,” “da,” and “ga?”
Turn to the person speaking when his/her name is called?

At 15 Months:

Exchange with you many back-and-forth smiles, sounds, and gestures in a row?
Use pointing or other “showing” gestures to draw attention to something of interest?
Use different sounds to get needs met and draw attention to something of interest?
Use and understand at least three words, such as “mama,” “dada,” “bottle,” or bye-bye?

At 18 Months:

Use lots of gestures with words to get needs met, like pointing or taking you by the hand and saying, “want juice” ?
Use at least four different consonants in babbling or words, such as m, n, p, b, t, and d?
Use and understand at least 10 words?
Show that he or she knows the names of familiar people or body parts by pointing to or looking at them when they are named?
Do simple pretend play, like feeding a doll or stuffed animal, and attracting your attention by looking up at you?

At 24 Months:

Do pretend play with you with more than one action, like feeding the doll and then putting the doll to sleep?
Use and understand at least 50 words?
Use at least two words together (without imitating or repeating) and in a way that makes sense, like “want juice” ?
Enjoy being next to children of the same age and show interest in playing with them, perhaps giving a toy to another child?
Look for familiar objects out of sight when asked?

At 36 Months:

Enjoy pretending to play different characters with you or talking for dolls or action figures?
Enjoy playing with children of the same age, perhaps showing and telling another child about a favorite toy?
Use thoughts and actions together in speech and in play in a way that makes sense, like “sleepy, go take nap” and “baby hungry, feed bottle” ?
Answer “what,” “where,” and “who” questions easily?
Talk about interests and feelings about the past and the future?
 

The key social, emotional, and communication milestones were compiled from the following sources: Greenspan, S.I. (1999) Building Healthy Minds, Perseus Books; Prizant, B. M., Wetherby, A. M., Roberts, J. E. (2000) Communication Disorders in Infants and Toddlers, In C. Zeanah (Ed.) Handbook of Infant Mental Health, Second Edition, New York: Guilford Press; and Wetherby, A.M. (1999) Babies Learn to Talk at an Amazing Rate, FIRST WORDS Project, Florida State University.

The authors wish to thank the following people who contributed to these milestones: Ilene Beal; Frances P. Glascoe, Ph.D.; Rebecca Landa, Ph.D.; and Robert H. Wharton, M.D.

 

用google翻译一下,大慨可以看一下意思

请问你的小孩……

At 4 Months:在4个月:

Follow and react to bright colors, movement, and objects?跟踪和反应,明亮的颜色,运动,而物体?
Turn toward sounds?转向声音?
Show interest in watching people’s faces?表现出兴趣观看的人的脸?
Smile back when you smile?微笑的时候,你的笑容?

At 6 Months:在6个月:

Relate to you with real joy?涉及到你的真正喜悦?
Smile often while playing with you?微笑常玩你?
Coo or babble when happy?首席运营官或呀呀当开心吗?
Cry when unhappy?哭时,不开心?

At 9 Months:在9个月:

Smile and laugh while looking at you?微笑而发笑,而看你?
Exchange back-and-forth smiles, loving faces, and other expressions with you?外汇来回笑着说,爱的面孔,其他词语吗?
Exchange back-and-forth sounds with you?外汇来回听起来你?
Exchange back-and-forth gestures with you, such as giving, taking, and reaching?外汇来回手势与你,如给付,同时,达成?

At 12 Months:在12个月:

Use a few gestures, one after another, to get needs met, like giving, showing, reaching, waving, and pointing?用数个手势,相继获得需要的满足,就好像给,展示,达到挥动,指着?
Play peek-a-boo, patty cake, or other social games?发挥PEEK的一水塔,薄饼蛋糕,或其他社会游戏?
Make sounds, like “ma,” “ba,” “na,” “da,” and “ga?”发音,像"马","巴","缺","达丰","嘎"?
Turn to the person speaking when his/her name is called?转的人来说,当他/她的名字叫?

At 15 Months:在15个月:

Exchange with you many back-and-forth smiles, sounds, and gestures in a row?外汇与你许多来回笑容,声音,手势,在一排?
Use pointing or other “showing” gestures to draw attention to something of interest?使用指向或其他",显示"的姿态,来唤起大家对一些感兴趣?
Use different sounds to get needs met and draw attention to something of interest?用不同的声音,需要得到满足,并提请人们注意,有没有兴趣?
Use and understand at least three words, such as “mama,” “dada,” “bottle,” or bye-bye?使用和理解,至少这3个字,如"妈妈","达达","瓶",还是再见?

At 18 Months:在18个月:

Use lots of gestures with words to get needs met, like pointing or taking you by the hand and saying, “want juice” ?使用大量的动作与言辞需要得到满足,喜欢指着或你的手说:"希望汁"?
Use at least four different consonants in babbling or words, such as m, n, p, b, t, and d?至少使用4种不同的声母呀呀或词,如米,氮,磷,硼,T和丁?
Use and understand at least 10 words?使用和理解,至少10个字?
Show that he or she knows the names of familiar people or body parts by pointing to or looking at them when they are named?显示出他或她知道的名字熟悉的人或身体各部分的指向或看当他们被点名?
Do simple pretend play, like feeding a doll or stuffed animal, and attracting your attention by looking up at you?这样简单的装扮游戏,喜欢喂养一个洋娃娃或动物标本,吸引你的注意往上看你?

At 24 Months:在24个月:

Do pretend play with you with more than one action, like feeding the doll and then putting the doll to sleep?假装做游戏,你有超过一个行动像吃饭玩偶,然后把所有的娃娃睡觉?
Use and understand at least 50 words?使用和理解,至少50字?
Use at least two words together (without imitating or repeating) and in a way that makes sense, like “want juice” ?至少使用两个词连在一起(无模仿或重复),并在某种程度上说是有道理的,像"希望汁"?
Enjoy being next to children of the same age and show interest in playing with them, perhaps giving a toy to another child?正在享受未来的孩子,同样的年龄和兴趣,在玩他们,也许使玩具另一个孩子?
Look for familiar objects out of sight when asked?找熟悉的物体移开视线被问及?

At 36 Months:在36个月:

Enjoy pretending to play different characters with you or talking for dolls or action figures?享受假惺惺地扮演不同的人物与你说话娃娃或行动数字?
Enjoy playing with children of the same age, perhaps showing and telling another child about a favorite toy?玩与同龄儿童,也许显示,却对另一个孩子对喜欢的玩具?
Use thoughts and actions together in speech and in play in a way that makes sense, like “sleepy, go take nap” and “baby hungry, feed bottle” ?用思想和行动统一起来,在讲话和游戏的方式是有道理的,如"瞌睡,继续采取行动","宝宝饿了,吃奶瓶"?
Answer “what,” “where,” and “who” questions easily?回答"是什么","何处","谁"的问题容易吗?
Talk about interests and feelings about the past and the future?谈利益和感受过去和未来?


The key social, emotional, and communication milestones were compiled from the following sources: Greenspan, S.I. (1999) Building Healthy Minds, Perseus Books; Prizant, B. M., Wetherby, A. M., Roberts, J. E. (2000) Communication Disorders in Infants and Toddlers, In C. Zeanah (Ed.) Handbook of Infant Mental Health, Second Edition, New York: Guilford Press; and Wetherby, A.M.关键的社会,情感和沟通的里程碑,是由以下来源:格林斯潘,省长(1999年)建设健康的头脑,perseus书籍;prizant,乙87-88wetherby,划艇,罗伯茨,理E(等2000)沟通障碍的婴幼儿,在Czeanah (编)手册幼儿心理健康,第二版,纽约:guilford新闻;和Wetherby时 (1999) Babies Learn to Talk at an Amazing Rate, FIRST WORDS Project, Florida State University.(1999)婴儿学习讲座,以惊人的速度,首字工程,佛罗里达州立大学.

The authors wish to thank the following people who contributed to these milestones: Ilene Beal; Frances P. Glascoe, Ph.D.; Rebecca Landa, Ph.D.; and Robert H. Wharton, M.D.作者在此要感谢以下的人,对这些里程碑:ilene比尔;弗朗西斯页glascoe,博士;丽蓓卡景观,博士;和同事RobertH沃顿,医学博士

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